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A water well is a structure drilled or dug into the ground to access groundwater. It provides a natural water source for various purposes such as drinking, irrigation, and industrial use. It’s important to keep it maintained so you and your family have the best source of water. How long does a well last? Some may last for decades or centuries, while others may need to be replaced after a few years.

Well in a ground in a yard. They can last for decades or even centuries.

What is a Water Well?

A water well is a hole in the ground that reaches a groundwater source. It is typically constructed by digging or drilling into the earth until it reaches an aquifer, which is a permeable layer of rock or soil that can hold and transmit water.

Factors That Affect a Water Well

Several factors can affect the functionality and lifespan of a water well. These include the quality of the aquifer, the depth of the well, the type of well construction, the surrounding geology, and the maintenance and care given to the well.

Pump on a water well.

Components of a Water Well

A typical water well consists of several components:

  1. Casing: This is the outer shell of the well that prevents the well walls from collapsing. It also helps prevent contamination of the water supply.
  2. Screen: This component allows water to flow into the well while keeping out debris.
  3. Pump: The pump is used to extract water from the well and deliver it to the desired location.
  4. Pressure tank: This tank stores water under pressure so that it can be readily available when needed.

Source For Water Wells

The source of water in a well is usually groundwater, which is the water that seeps into the ground and collects in underground reservoirs called aquifers. Groundwater is replenished through rainwater infiltration and other natural processes.

How to Figure Out the Life Expectancy of a Well?

The life expectancy of a well depends on various factors, including the quality of the aquifer, the care and maintenance given to the well, and the surrounding geological conditions. Regular testing of the water quality and periodic inspections can help determine the health and longevity of the well.

How Long Does a Well Last?

The lifespan of a well can vary significantly. Some wells may last for decades or even centuries, while others may require replacement or rehabilitation within a few years. Proper maintenance and regular monitoring can extend the life of a well.

Check out the video below about wells.

Other Recommended Maintenance

Now that you know about how long a well lasts, let’s take a look at a few other areas of recommended maintenance. One of those is fluoride in well water. There is fluoride but it is hard to tell how much as it is odorless and tasteless. Testing is needed and that can be done to check the levels. It is important to know if there is too much or too little fluoride.

Another is how to fix brown well water. This often happens because of rusty pipes, iron manganese, or mud in the pump. It is important to get it inspected so you can find out what is causing the issue.

Lastly, landscaping should be done to keep water away from the house. This may involve grading the land and adding gutters and downspouts. Also, adding native plants is a good idea as well.

When to Call a Professional?

It is important to call a professional well contractor if you notice any signs of well problems, such as decreased water flow, changes in water quality, or unusual noises coming from the well system. A professional can diagnose the issue and provide the necessary repairs or maintenance. American Property Inspections can do a well inspection and let you know what the issue may be.


Water wells are valuable sources of water that can provide for various needs. By understanding how wells work, their components, and the factors that affect their longevity, homeowners can ensure the proper care and maintenance of their wells for long-term water supply. While thinking about the longevity and maintenance of your well, reach out to  American Property Inspections for a well inspection in the Clermont, FL area.

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